Ideas like perpetual motion represents man’s eternal desire to obtain power and
comfort from virtually nothing, to move out wherever he wants to go or to get his works done with least effort or without
any expenditure of power. Perpetual motion is the principle of the least effort and maximum pleasure. Man’s natural
hunger to “get something from nothing” has found expression in myths and legends, which forms bulk of ancient
mythological literature. Perpetual motion depicts man’s perennial struggle to reduce his painful experience of labor.
Speculations about the perpetual motion can be traced back to the very earliest civilizations. Man has always sought an explanation
of the way in which something moved from one place to another or something changed from one form to other. He went into the
search to find causes behind the motion, especially, about the cause of
cyclical perpetual motion of heavenly bodies that has fascinated man since the earliest times. On practical grounds, perpetual
motion is as old as the history of man’s effort to reduce his labor, and in this sense, its development can be traced
back to even the times when man invented various tools and particularly the wheel and axle that provided tremendous mechanical
advantage thereby reducing labour and further paving the way for the invention of a wheel that moved by itself and thereby
resulted into perpetual motion. From sheer fantasy to concrete reality, perpetual motion has passed through all stages in
the course of its development.
Ancient legends are filled with illustration of Arabian flying carpet, gods riding on flying chariots, self moving
or in perpetual motion. The origin and practice of perpetual motion are involved in obscurity.
Some of its devotees have claimed for it an antiquity coeval with the intelligence of man himself; others, again, would
trace its origin no further back than the times of Vedic civilization. As Ramananda Deva has shown, it may be traced back
to the ages of Veda when Vedic seers saw Rbhus, the Vedic inventors, building up self-moving chariots for Gods; seers chanted
hymns in their admiration. By performing their wondrous mechanical feats based on perpetual motion, Rbhus became the first
inventor to claim immortality. For thousands years, perpetual motion has been believed by untold number of people and the
art has also captivated many noble spirits in every age.
Deva Ramananda argues that Rhisis must have possessed knowledge of perpetual motion; and
particularly, Rhishi Bhardwaj, without being acquainted with secret of perpetual motion, could not have written so prodigious”
Vaimankika Shastra”- a treatise on art of flying. Like perpetual motion based flying machines, there are many other
amazing artifacts from the past, which are totally inexplicable. We must never
erroneously assume that all the great technological achievements of mankind can only be attributed to the recent period of
Some scholars suggest that perpetual
motion concept was born out of astronomical observations and perception based on astronomical phenomenon; it was discovered
first time when 6th century astronomer and mathematician Brahmgupta attempted to understand celestial mechanics
and recorded his first design of perpetual motion machine and described it as replica of perpetual movement of heavenly bodies
that constitutes solar system. History of perpetual motion falls into well-defined periods.
The invention of tools, wheel and axle, other simple machines, the loom
and the plough, all these, which were discovered in antiquity, provided better mechanical advantages to man and paved the
way for better understanding of natural forces. By using these machines and their various combinations, inventors went on
adding, improving and manipulating natural forces like wind and water to reduce effort and achieve the desirable ends.
During the Middle Ages as the needs of man increased, the use of these devices was elaborated.
Inclemency of weather put a question over availability of water and wind power, which moved machines. To meet the challenge,
few inventors worked hard, added and improved the methods of reducing labour that were absolutely new, and they devised many
inventions that would have a palpable eject on the progress of civilization by liberating man from painful experiences of
labour. This desire and efforts to emancipate man from painful experience of drudgery eventually culminated in the form of
a machine, which would move forever doing all useful work.
Unfortunately, during rise of science, since perpetual motion inventors guarded their
methods, art of perpetual motion could not become public and a part of scientific knowledge. Though few inventors of perpetual
motion were really genuine, controversy between physicists and perpetual
motionists only jeopardized any further development of perpetual motion that could drive the machinery of the world as was
anticipated by its inventors. Scientists dismissed perpetual motion and instead, in their studies steam engine dominated the
scene. It’s a curious thing to contemplate that if perpetual motion were
established in its earlier years; the steam power that triggered much- vaunted “Industrial Revolution” of the
late 1700s had then any role to power the world in presence of perpetual motion?
Phrases “Perpetual motion” and “Perpetual Motion Machine” are
used in more or less different ways by authors depending on their own experience with perpetual motion. However, it must be
borne in mind that perpetual motion is a discovery while perpetual motion machine is an invention. One may broadly speak in
a very general way of perpetual motion as a basic physical principle of nature, which depicts a continued process of creation
of power out of nothing, thus, violating first law of thermodynamics. It can be observed in close cyclical processes of nature.
On the other hand the phrase “perpetual motion machine”- is commonly used in a much more specific sense with respect
to a machine which works more than the equivalent amount of energy supplied to it. Students
in introductory science courses are erroneously taught that “perpetual motion” is impossible, or a will o wisp
and its studies involve a waste of time and effort. Unfortunately, Perpetual motion machine is entirely misunderstood to be
meaningless by scientist who knows nothing about perpetual motion. Truth is that perpetual motion is one of the greatest facts
of nature that has completely eluded scientist. Let us try to bear this as our watchword, that “until conclusively proven
otherwise, nothing can truly be regarded as totally impossible!” It is
even pointed out in the Bible by Jesus Christ: “…. If you have the faith and doubt not … ye shall say unto this mountain: “Be thou removed and
cast into the sea”; it shall be done”. (Matt: 21:21) What authority do we need on the matter to decide something is possible or impossible? The trick is to believe implicitly in something, to believe unwaveringly in one’s own innate psychic
power and stick steadfastly to get it!
Discussions of perpetual motion are clouded by a dreadful confusion because perpetual
motion has a long controversial history which consists of a large number
of claimants – among them few have been genuine inventors like Edward Somerset and Councilor Orffyreus but largely,
we have inventors, whose attempts to construct perpetual motion machine either failed or those who resorted to charlatanry
after a failure. Undoubtedly, perpetual motion is an amazing phenomenon, and
non-believers naturally doubt how it works. Oddly, perpetual motion has never
been thoroughly studied scientifically, so we have quite an array of different answers to this hoary headed problem. Some of the solutions came from the genuine perpetual motionists as stated above;
they are rare and now forgotten. Carried away by miraculous performance of their machine, they eulogized perpetual motion
in their works, kept secret of perpetual motion close to their bosom and left the world puzzling what they really did to obtain
perpetual motion. On the other hand, science has also hindered progress of perpetual motion by pronouncing that “perpetual
motion is impossible”, “its inventor is crazy and crackpot”- the most ridiculous statement come from those
who are prejudiced and have no direct experience with perpetual motion. Their ad hominem attacks leave no room for any reasoned
conversation, and that this is making physicists look pretty bad to those who know perpetual motion on a rational and deep
level. Readers will also find in book a detailed account of the history how the cliché “You Cannot Get Something Out
of Nothing” that was pronounced by Greek materialistic philosophers was
inherited by science and eventually hardened into law of conservation of energy and became established as most fundamental
law of science but in fact it was only an assumption made by some philosophers, who hated manual labour to test their idea
who erroneously believed in the cliché and followed the Greek tradition without much reasoning. When study of “steam
engine” and other erroneous experiments demonstrating relationship between heat and work showed no possibility of perpetual
motion to scientist, idea of perpetual motion turned out to be worse than useless. The final pronouncement–“perpetual
motion is impossible’ led to establishment of so called universal law of conservation of energy. It is now commonly believed to be a universal law about how natural phenomena proceeds and our Universe
governed. This law and its various corollaries form the foundation of science
today. Its development is one of the most unfortunate episodes in entire history
In the present and past two centuries the physicist
have shown their contempt for perpetual motion by arguing falsely that the perpetual motion is impossible and law of conservation
of energy, the foundation of science, is a universal law with no exception. In order to save their sacred law, they endeavor
to impugn perpetual motion by their literal conjuring skills and circuitous arguments. Physicists have subjected inventor
like a football, he finds no place where he can construct a perpetual motion machine to be admired by academicians. Law of
conservation of energy and its corollaries still reins to suppress perpetual motion.
Since we live in this an Anti Perpetual motion Age, hardly any scientist would nowadays openly profess a belief in
the perpetual motion machine. Yet, dream of free energy haunts many minds. Sometimes,
even scientists who are apt to dismiss perpetual motion express the similar hope. One such hope was fostered by a scientific
authority such as John Von Neumann, who believed that man would eventually discover how to make energy a free good, “just
like the unmetered air”[i]. Others envision a “catalyst” by which to decompose, for example, the
seawater into oxygen and hydrogen, the combustion of which will yield as much available energy as we would want.
Fortunately, a new beacon of free energy enthusiasts and perpetual motionist who challenge
scientific orthodoxy has begun to shed light in hitherto sacrosanct arena,
and they are conducting experiments, which put challenge before the orthodox
scientific academic hierarchy. Despite being labeled as “cranks”
or “pseudo-scientists,” they have already begun to open up many new avenues of scientific inquiry on perpetual
motion, which have hitherto been kept firmly closed and considered as taboo to orthodox scientific research.
I hope perpetual motion will return vitality; it will bring a revival of all those activities,
which had once been characteristic of the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The eighteenth century was a fertile one, and
it was full of variety, not only in sciences, patent, and inventions, but also in religions, political theories, constitutions,
poetries, and every kind of ingenuity. The mind of the race was active, flexible, and resilient. With revival of perpetual
motion, once more, a fertility of invention, both mechanical and artistic will enliven the industries of the country. Perpetual
motionist will win so high a reputation in learned circles that others will pay it the flattery of imitation. The perpetual motionist will enjoy an unquestioned pre-eminence in their art, and the ingenuity of the
makers of perpetual motion machine will be the admiration of all visitors. “Inventing”
will again become the fashionable hobby of learned circles too. “The Age
of Excitement” will be back again.
With deeper understanding of perpetual motion, I believe that science; cosmology, philosophy
and religion all will converge on a single point. I believe that the next several decades will see a marrying of these disciplines
and a cooperative effort to investigate the phenomena of nature hitherto unexplained. When that happens there will be a renaissance
of understanding upon our planet, which in turn will be reflected in our human societies. This new understanding can only
have a positive effect on the planetary environment. Ecological salvation lies in perpetual motion. The unlimited potential
of perpetual motion machines will enable man to reverse the march of entropy, save the environment, face catastrophic situations
boldly and secure his existence effectively. It will be an exciting time to live!
By some true fluke of much good fortune and due to my keen deep interest in the field
of perpetual motion, it has become my distinctive privilege to be an individual, independent thinker, who has freely taken
it upon himself, to thoroughly review and investigate perpetual motion machine as it were in the past and what has been going
on within the field of free energy circles in the present time. During the course of my thorough investigation, I have clearly
discovered some key, completely verifiable, empirical scientific facts, which can lead to changes in concepts of energy and
work. I am inclined to think, field of theoretical physics, as a whole, must
consider imminently incorporating these findings in their theoretical framework and plans for the 21st Century.
Perpetual motion is a valid science of great significance, its truths cannot be refuted; it has tremendous theoretical and
practical applications so it must be duly made known to the students in their curriculum and general public of the world at
Present volume presents broad appraisal of existing
sources of energy, their viability, and environmental concerns which effects decision-making process by the planners. Both conventional and renewable sources of energy are discussed. In the end, a comparison is made between the sources of energy and energy that comes from perpetual motion
machine. The aim of this work is to raise questions and provoke discussion regarding
the future of India’s energy policy and to consider various possible solutions. Perpetual
motion offers the best solution to the worlds future energy requirements. Energy
from the perpetual motion will work our mines, excavate our ports and rivers, impel our ships, forge iron, fashion wood and
stone, grind grain, spin and weave cloth, transport the goods, light and heat our homes.
May 25, 2005.
Harold J., and Chandler Morse. Scarcity and Growth. 3, p.
32. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1963.